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Lawyers and Law School Reform.




Law students are often left with massive debts and poor career prospects. The authors argue that it’s now an ideal time for the bar association and lawyers to react to the issue by doing something we’ve not done in recent years, working together to build the legal profession.

Nearly 2,000 college students earned J.D.s from Illinois nine law faculties in 2012. Many more were accepted into the legal market via the 14 law schools located in states with contiguous borders. A few will join the more than 100.000 graduates with J.D. degrees. American Bar Association (ABA) statistics show that students are not working in positions that require J.D.s in students in the 2011 class. Just 54.9 per cent of the graduates held jobs that required J.D.s in the first just nine months after graduating. Many will be burdened with staggering levels of debt. The median educational debt for private law school students this year was $125,000. For public schools, the figure was $75,700.

Are these issues real? Yes, and not. A huge amount of educational debt isn’t a problem if it opens the way to a job with enough income to cover the loan. But, it can be an issue if it does not. Getting the J.D. and then choosing to become a businessperson or social worker isn’t an issue if your chosen profession makes you happy. The possibility of getting the J.D. and then becoming a taxi driver or waiter is an issue if your professional ambition is to become an attorney. The data suggest that for many law students, the possibilities aren’t in line with the expenses, which can affect the provision of legal services throughout the country.

What is it that the state bardo to in identifying the solution? Some believe that the best answer is to cut down on the size of law schools, either through cutting class sizes or shutting down law schools. Several law schools have started to cut down on entering classes. Others want to change the legal education curriculum by encouraging the development of skills or initiating similar reforms.


Each of these options, but we believe it is essential to consider all aspects of the legal market embraced by lawyers when considering the various alternatives. These changes are profound. To tackle them, state bar associations and the legal academy will need to take a step that we haven’t done (very effectively) in the past several decades – collaborate to build the profession. The only way to accomplish this is to promote society’s interest.

Accept the magnitude of change.

It is the first thing to comprehend what’s happening in the legal market. There is no temporary slump because of the current financial crisis. While the turmoil in the mortgage market and the euro crisis, and the public sector’s funding problems have sparked several headlines and media attention, the issue of lawyers in the job market is not just an incident that has been caused by the financial crisis of Lehman Brothers, Spain’s banking collapse or Illinois budgetary issues.

Data from the Census Bureau’s County Business Patterns dataset shows that the Employment of law firms peaked at 1,123,000 amid the height of the real estate bubble and not later. Between 2004 and 2010, the total number of law firms Employment decreased by over 47,000 and more than 4 per cent. This is not a sign of a decrease in demand for legal services. However, it is a reorganization of market demand for legal services.

In the same period that the Employment of law firms decreased, Employment in legal services offered by law firms increased between 9,800 and 23,600. Contrary to traditional law companies, this industry is expanding rapidly.

How are businesses growing? Most likely, they include the operations in the U.S. state of legal process outsourcing companies (LPOs). Furthermore, the figures for foreign Employment are not tracked by is not tracked by the U.S. Census Bureau does not monitor, are likely to increase much more quickly.


As per an article published in the Indian Hindu Business Line newspaper, “legal process outsourcing (LPO) companies are now bagging many graduates.” Rohan Dalal, the Managing Director for Mindcrest, a U.S.-based LPO headquartered in Chicago and with operations in India, has estimated that the LPO sector would see 30 % growth annually. Our market analysis confirms that this is the beginning of a significant trend that will grow in the coming years.

So, even though we could attribute some current chaos in the law sector to the current financial crisis and the recession is also accelerating certain changes that are already taking place, the fundamental shifts that are taking place in the legal industry were already in place long before our current economic challenges surfaced. The direction these changes will affect the legal profession isn’t yet certain, but we’re certain that the legal market will be quite different in the next decade than it is in the present.

The implications of the changes on the market are substantial. Law firms that excelled across all markets assured high-quality services to clients who had trouble evaluating lawyers. They could offer high-end prices. As business owners begin to separate the traditional services provided by big firms, they are figuring out ways to reduce the costs of legal services while maintaining the quality.

In the end, it is a threat to the traditional business model. It isn’t just that they have “too many lawyers.” Brookings Institute research suggests that the “extra” profits in law by excluding the competition – untrained solo practitioners and well-funded technology companies – are approximately $70,000 per lawyer. This is a significant prize that is now drawing the attention of competitors who are new to the field.

Harvard Business School Professor Michael Porter developed Michael Porter’s “5 forces” model for studying the potential of businesses to sustain long-term profits. These forces are barriers to entry, internal rivalry, supplier power, buyer power, and substitutes/complements. If you apply Porter’s model, it suggests that law firms have suffered a significant loss of protection against competition, and the massive profits that they made in the past times may not be able to return.


The competition’s success in law firms is not a surprise since businesspeople can be competitive and modify processes to remove efficiency, at least in highly competitive fields where efficiency is required for survival. However, acquiring these capabilities has never been a primary element of legal education. In addition, business acumen isn’t included in the standard legal firm’s hiring criteria. In the future, the expertise of the top lawyers is likely to grow larger, in particular with regards to managing costs as well as designing new products and services.

Even in the top strata of the corporate bar, competition pressures are increasing. The problems faced by Dewey & Leboeuf included taking loans to pay for salary and other expenses, which one could attribute to the necessity to recruit high-profile partners who are not competing with competitors. Companies are removing partners who do not meet their goals for profit, a phenomenon not even a few years prior. Competition for client business is becoming more fierce since the power of bargaining for clients has increased. One positive aspect for law firms within the Porter Five factors is that their supply chain – law schools are less able than law firms.

The effect of changes on the legal education

The American educational system for lawyers has seen unprecedented growth over the last two decades. There are more law schools accredited by the ABA now than in history. Despite recent reductions in the size of classes in a handful of colleges, the total number of spaces in law schools is close to the record high. Additionally, at the same that law schools grew their student body in the past, they also increased their faculties and decreased teaching load, and created ever-expanding curriculums with more concentration on academic subjects and less practice-oriented courses.

The shift to “bar courses” has resulted from the growing scope of academic research on legal issues. This is a significant allocation of money. Hofstra University Law Professor Richard Neumann estimated that every law review article written by a tenured, well-paying professor at the top law school was worth an investment of $100,000 by the school. Even an article written by an assistant professor at a less prestigious school accounted for $25,000 in expenses. It is possible to question Neumann’s numbers, but his overall conclusion is well-supported that law schools are spending massive amounts of funds on creating legal scholarships.

This could be a negative thing. A legal scholarship could be beneficial. However, a lot of academic legal research has moved away from subjects of interest to the bench and bar and has shifted towards research relevant to the law school. In 2006 Ohio State University Professor Larry Garvin published The Strange Death of Academic Commercial Law, which detailed the demise of research in the practice of this entire area. Our analysis of the long-term trend of legal scholarship has shown significant shifts away from subjects like commercial law, bankruptcy and torts, contracts, criminal law, property, and towards legal theory, constitutional law and interdisciplinary research across every level of the law academy.


The options for the second type of research have risen. Yale currently offers 14 law journals available to students, with over 600. We think that few professionals regularly read or subscribe to one of them. The number of law journal subscriptions has dropped significantly. The most popular law journal, The Harvard Law Review, has paid its subscriptions to drop from 10,000 in the 1970s to 1,896 by 2011.

Scholarship in the more practice-oriented fields has shifted to speciality journals, which furthers its decline in the academy. Faculty value publication in top-ranked schools’ general law reviews over practitioner-oriented work in making hiring decisions.

Law schools also have been for the past 20 years in a ranking arms race, where they vie for position at the end of the year in U.S. News rankings. Though nearly every law school in America will be adamant about U.S. News, this doesn’t hinder schools from promoting positive changes. Even if you leave aside the recent ranking scandals at Villanova and the University of Illinois, this competition has led several institutions to take part in questionable academic conduct.

In previous work, we reported an increase of 10 years in “part-time” programs at law schools. Why? Because they were not eligible from the median school’s LSAT scores – an important factor to the U.S. News ranking formula. While the magazine has since closed the loophole, the ranking arms race has resulted in an unprecedented increase in the number of transfer applicants. These students are also not included in the U.S. News rankings calculations.

After nearly ten years of analysis and analysis of issues relating to rankings, we’ve discovered that many law schools report their rankings with a determination that matches and sometimes exceeds those who are the most aggressive tax attorney. But there’s been virtually zero educational gain for law students paying to compete with the schools’ exaggerations.


In contrast, there was an expense. Since most U.S. law schools are heavily dependent on tuition to generate a vast amount of their income, the expansion and shift were financed primarily by increasing tuition. The cost of law school has increased nearly twice as fast as inflation for more than two decades. In the past 20 years, law students have had to pay for the transformation of the U.S. legal academy into an ineffective, less competitive and less valuable industry that has done poorly in training lawyers in the legal profession in an extremely competitive business environment.

There aren’t a lot of lawyers?

There are definitely “too many” lawyers with huge debts to their education who are looking for BigLaw jobs with the hopes of repaying the student loan debt. There are many gaps in the legal system of our society. In 2005 The Report the report Legal Aid Safety Net concluded that “The legal aid system in Illinois was able to address only a small fraction of the civil legal problems encountered by low-income Illinoisans in 2003” and”the “safety net” offered by the legal aid system was “clearly inadequate to meet this challenge.” Over the past few years, the situation has not changed. Also, middle-income individuals are frequently left off from legal services since they can’t afford legal assistance.

The financial aspects of legal education might not cause unmet legal needs in society, but the escalating student debt contributes to the issue. The main issue isn’t restricting the number of attorneys available but ensuring that legal assistance is accessible to everyone at a cost that everyone can afford.

Technology will play a key role in this regard by cutting down on the costs of education and generating innovative ways to efficiently meet the legal requirements of the majority of citizens. To address this issue of productivity, law schools must redirect some of the time focused on traditional legal education to studying how technology can be utilized to enhance legal education and provide legal services and products.

The bar’s role

The changes described in this article apply equally to lawyers practising and legal educators. In the postwar era of prosperity, America pursued its paths. In retrospect, this was an error. Instead of dividing blame, a better option is collaboration in the area of the productivity imperative – higher quality for less.


Lawyers practising in the field require more advanced and improved skills to compete in a rapidly changing market, and law schools have to develop the ability to impart this broad array of abilities. Bar associations can play an important part in this change by establishing relationships through conclaves, conclaves or apprenticeships – with innovative legal education and law schools. The advantages that result are sure to ensure that many more lawyers and law schools are followed.

The difficulties facing law school education are not less serious. Law schools of both private and public schools are provided with a valuable source of information by rules restricting access to the bar exam only to graduates of accredited law schools. A “Spiderman rule” applies here that with immense power comes the responsibility of a great deal. To meet our obligations to society and our legal profession itself, the law school has to reduce legal education costs. This is a difficult process that requires a significant overhaul of the largely uniform law school model that focuses on research and academics. While expenses must be reduced in the curriculum, the content of the courses and teaching methods must be revised and improved.

The change will not occur, but if legal employers – made up of members of local and state bar associations are prone to favour applicants from the top-ranked law schools. Choose the best candidates to be certain. However, you must take the time to gather the information needed to make well-informed and accurate hiring choices.

The widespread belief that top schools produce the most qualified candidates significantly limits innovation in law schools and secures the status of the art. Legal education can take three years and is usually paid for with loans. It can be accomplished properly or poorly. Employers must value the asset that costs such a large amount properly. In this absence, no market is thriving for top-quality legal training.

The legal employment market in Illinois might not be big enough to support the nine law schools within the state and 23 across the entire region. If they do, they mustn’t follow the same pattern shortly. In many ways, lawyers, Illinois State Bar Association and legal educators must work together to resolve each other’s issues facing the rapidly evolving legal market.


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Are Mobile Phone Technology fuelling Gambling Addiction?




In an age where there are numerous addictions that engulf and ruin many people’s lives. However, a few fall under the radar or appear to be to be less dangerous. The vices of alcohol or smoking cigarettes, for instance which are extremely harmful are not without competition, however, due to the negative health effects of these illnesses they outshine other diseases that are equally dangerous and can ruin people’s lives. Gambling is one among them that appears to have gained popularity and has become more popular in recent years.

While gambling was always in the background but the rise of mobile phones and the capacity to perform almost any task using the capabilities of your phone has brought addiction to gambling to the forefront. The issue is more severe than was previously thought and isn’t able to be separated by any limits in terms of gender or age เลขเด็ด. There are a wide range of games to choose from on betting websites online, like Energy Casino, that it appeals to a wide range of players. What has boosted the usage of phones in this field?

The decline in popularity of Bookmakers

It is true that an experience at an old-fashioned bookmaker could be a blast or a bit tragic, depending on how you see them, they’ve gone out of business for some time. The rise of online betting has led to a transformation which is very likely to last forever. There are many reasons behind this, and bookmakers are struggling to keep up against online gambling in numerous ways. Although there will be a small portion from the book market local bookmakers but it won’t be as significant as in years that have gone by.

Gambling Access is Simple

Mobile technology lets you access betting websites wherever you’d like. With access to a mobile device and the ability for internet connectivity, the online casinos can be accessed for free anytime. No matter what you like whether it’s sports or games or gambling, you’ll be able to participate almost immediately. Don’t have to worry about rushing to the nearest bookmaker or keeping track of the date to make sure that you are there in time to place your bet. Bets can be placed with out limitations, but many people simply think it’s too easy and that’s the source of the current issue plaguing society.


It becomes easier to hide

The majority of people are very protective of their phones generally whether it’s to keep private photos from view or conversations they don’t want others to see. Therefore, if you have your gambling account on your phone there’s a great possibility that things could spiral beyond control. It could become a private pastime since phone use is becoming very private nowadays. Discussing gambling concerns can be intimidating for some.

While trips to the bookshops aren’t exactly advised, they’re difficult to hide and certain members of your family or friends will not be shocked if this is where you’ll be most of the time. Phone calls can be a private source of embarrassment or shame and some people even get themselves into a state of mental torture over the issue. It requires a solid character to acknowledge these issues. If you think you’re dealing with something that’s spiralling out of hand or someone in your family is experiencing difficulties do not hesitate to get in touch with Gamstop.

The money can become irrelevant

This is the kind of thing that can be a problem for people when they review their experience betting if they’re lucky enough to be able to leave. The main difference when you play online is that you don’t have any cash transfer. It’s an important thing to go to the ATM and taking out the cash to use for the next tip. When you transfer it and you realize you’ll never see the money ever again. Repeating this process is when the risk of developing a serious issue.

However, because online casinos connect your bank account with theirs, numbers referred to as withdrawals or deposits don’t appear real. There are countless heartbreaking stories of players taking their savings and putting it in the bank as they don’t realize the risk until they’re too late. The numbers displayed on the screen does not mean much and is a temporary feeling for many gamblers to be able to either win or lose when they can’t see money in real life. There is a staggering amount of money being bet every year.

How to Get the Right Frame of Mind?

Online businesses don’t meet any of their customers in person, therefore it’s rare that to be denied a bet. Anyone who is addicted or are developing one might make bets when in a state of depression or perhaps after drinking alcohol or other substances. They constantly get the thrill of a successful bet which could result in further losses. Gamblers who are successful have a mentality that addicts are unable to replicate.


The loss will be pursued, and games that people know nothing about are played in the excitement of the moment. The game of phone can be very risky for many people. Options such as deposit limits or time monitoring have been made more accessible in order to reduce the damage that is that is caused online. There is a risk that for the majority of people, these ideas are too late.


Gambling is always a major problem , and it appears to have been made worse by the rapid advancement in the field smartphones. There are an abundance of websites, like Energy Casino, that will give you the opportunity to look up the most lucrative betting odds available. There is a chance that you are using an online casino that is located in another country or down the street, and nobody could even notice that you had an issue with gambling since there is no need to enter into a traditional bookmaker.

This incredible technology is being used for reasons that are addictive is an absolute tragedy. It is possible that more thorough checks be made on the financial situation prior to allowing them to use the entire amount of money they earn on gambling websites. There’s a significant distinction between placing a bet on events such as Wimbledon and Grand National or Grand National as being constantly on the phone. There is a possibility that people will have problems quickly with all the bonuses and promotions that appear to be always being offered.

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Top Tips On How To Choose Commercial Restaurant Furniture.




When purchasing cafe or bar furniture, some aspects are to be considered. Furniture is as essential as other aspects of an enjoyable dining experience. When choosing furniture for your restaurant or cafe, it’s a great idea to know what style will be the most appropriate for the space you’re planning to use. The team at RestaurantFurniture.NET has shared some crucial pointers below to help you select the proper style of furniture for your cafe or restaurant.

Restaurant Environment, Design, and Concept

What kind of environment do you wish to create? This idea should be represented in the furniture you choose. Do you think your restaurant is primarily catering for large gatherings or gatherings? It would help if you thought about buying larger banquet tables or larger dining tables. Do you want to create a romantic atmosphere with nature? Tables with smaller tables are therefore required. High-backed chairs are best used in restaurants that offer a more formal dining ambiance.

When choosing furniture for your restaurant, consider the location it will be put in since utility and charm is essential. Therefore, it is crucial to pick furniture for restaurants that look beautiful on the inside and more suitable for the outside. If you’re shopping for outdoor furniture, make sure it’s lightweight and durable enough to withstand the elements.

If you’re searching for furniture for your indoor space, look for something stylish and comfortable. The furniture you choose for your restaurant must be attractive and appealing and valuable, and practical. When choosing the right furniture for your dining establishment, you should be aware of your available space.


Restaurant Furniture Comfort Is Important

It is crucial to think about the comfort when purchasing furniture for restaurants on the internet. It’s not sensible to offer your customers beautiful and comfortable furniture. It is suggested that seating and tables are built to be ergonomic. Sofas made of soft vinyl placed near the windows will impress your guests. If you are looking for stylish furniture that is modern or even padded, your choice will make your restaurant more comfortable and stylish without ease.

The comfort of customers varies depending on the kind of location. The smooth table tops for easy cleaning should be commonplace for fast-food establishments. However, a restaurant that is fine expects guests to stay longer, and therefore chairs must be designed for long-term seating.

Restaurant Furniture Quality Is Important

Tables, cafe chairs, and other furniture for restaurants come in various materials, sizes, and styles. They are made from aluminum, wood or rattan, resin, steel, and any other above combination. Whatever furniture you choose to purchase, the material the chairs, tables, and bar stools are constructed of will speak volumes about your company’s image.



Furniture for restaurants made of wood such as these gives the impression of warmth and quality. Steel and aluminum chairs, in contrast, are a more cheerful and contemporary look to them. You can also choose furniture made from a mix of different materials, allowing you to take advantage of the benefits of each and create a dazzling appearance.

When picking cafe tables, chairs, and barstools, the comfort factor is a crucial aspect that needs to be considered with great care. Commercial restaurant chairs are available in various designs, shapes, and sizes. Height is another element to think about when choosing cafe or restaurant chairs.

Commercial dining chairs with narrow seats are to be used in environments with high turnover for cafes. In contrast, chairs with wider seats are ideal for use in hotels or for fine dining to provide the most comfortable environment, considering the lengthy amount of time that guests will spend in the restaurant.


The back elevation is more an aesthetic aspect than a factor of comfort. However, it requires care. Try different back heights to determine the chairs that best complement your interior. Try playing with various back levels to create a more intriguing and stylish look.

Buy Commercial Grade Furniture

There’s a popular misconception that furniture for residential use is only suitable for use in commercial settings. It’s far from reality. The fact that tables and chairs look elegant and stylish doesn’t guarantee ideal for commercial use.

The joinery on furniture in residential homes is weak and cannot withstand prolonged use over a long duration. Another reason is that the table’s surface used in homes is usually prone to scratches and may tear off and become damaged when used with commercial cleaners. In addition, unlike commercial furniture, non-commercial chairs and tables are rarely subjected to rigorous testing. Therefore there is no assurance about how they will perform in a retail setting.


The professionals at RestaurantFurniture.NET take great satisfaction in designing and selling business furniture that is long-lasting, comfortable, and stylish. They are aware of their customer’s furniture requirements and provide an excellent online shopping experience, having served customers in the industry of hospitality for more than ten years. They only sell high-quality commercial-grade, high-quality, and affordably priced products. Their staff is here to assist you with all aspects of your purchase experience, including customer service, to fast and reliable delivery.

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Ageism in UK and US law firms.




Wise law firm administration committees recognize that the practices, freedoms, and limitations that operate over the partner class in a law firm are essential to their culture. Culture may establish the achievement of a law firm, probably a lot more than some other simple factor.

Since a few decades are working alongside one another, even at the partner stage, there is a larger requirement for unwritten expectations and unarticulated assumptions to be unmasked and discussed; to promote knowledge over the decades for the advantage of the firm.

Age is one particular complicated problem that has recently arrived at the forefront as a result of several facets, like the adjusting remuneration structures in UK law firms; the merit-based structures in US law firms that entice older effective lovers; the rise of the “retireby40” aspiration; and, increasingly, partner understanding that age discrimination law may present some ammunition to individuals who do not wish to, or are probably perhaps not in the economic position to, bow to undesired force to retire, or to handover customers and important contacts.

Affiliates and junior lovers certainly need to manage to see they have the prospect of a long-term career in a company if they hope it and that their devotion to the firm will be honored, in a sincere and dignified way, later in their careers.


The current presence of supportive older lovers may go way beyond the possible to benefit from customer and referrer introductions and are the demonstration of abilities which are frequently learned, as opposed to naturals, such as resilience and fearlessness in the face area of hard organization crises shown by customers problems and worldwide financial upheaval.

Possibly, for this reason, many innovative customers are requesting obvious proof of partner diversity included in customer pitches, and firms that present diverse clubs, in many cases, are at an aggressive advantage.

The progress of legitimate engineering will also signify that older lovers’ ability and strategic thinking will be required to make sure that engineering could be harnessed to most readily useful influence, in collaboration with young lovers, who’ve already embraced it and are keen to purchase it.

Appropriately, firms that crash to handle and embrace these diverse facets chance not just dropping important older lovers but also harming or even destroying the national ‘stick that’s made them effective in the past.

Many UK firms (unlike US firms) carry on to have a mandatory retirement age (MRA) in their partnership contract, frequently with the foresight to give, on a single or less favorable terms and generally confined in time.


Partners achieving that buffer frequently end up forced to concern the MRA as possible age discrimination and seek to negotiate the most effective terms for a local extension.

Many also turn to US and UK law firms and accountancy firms with legitimate services features that do not operate someone MRA; put up independently with young peers; or join a corporate law firm product to permit them to carry on their career.

But should UK firms do more to retain these lovers, and what are the excess risks to these firms if they don’t really?

Ethical and moral control is just an effective instrument in an aggressive market. As the planet of function continues to evolve after the influence of the pandemic, law firms are not resistant to the rising need certainly to separate themselves from their competitors, not just by adopting new ways of working but also by working in a principled way, including operating, as opposed to resisting or merely tolerating, mobility and diversity.

The SRA principles help this sort of enlightened control and provide an enforcement framework in instances of unlawful and dishonest behavior. They might require firms and persons to do something in ways that uphold the concept of law and encourage equality, diversity, and inclusion.

Furthermore, the code of conduct contains obligations on equally firms and persons to treat others fairly.


The Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) has formerly explained that the negative employment tribunal obtaining (including discrimination) would not be considered a sufficient reason to trigger regulatory research. Still, there stays the chance of breaches of the principles and the conduct principles leading to undesired SRA interest, issues, or even an investigation.

So, what are the answers?

  • Make an effort to consult overtly with lovers at all quantities of the partnership about their wants and expectations, including about the MRA and the age where it’s set;
  • Consider new choices for a fair remuneration structure, centered on a view of advantage that recognizes all contributions and the professional needs required by the SRA on all persons and the firm itself to treat lovers reasonably;
  • Look at the statistically established achievement of the US meritocracy product in keeping older lovers in the partnership, though also allowing formidable lovers to progress at any age; and
  • Understand that, as we are all experiencing a seismic change on the earth of function, the things that lovers of all ages want out of work and what they’re prepared to spend to accomplish them are unlikely to be exactly like it was before a decade. The most effective firms within the next decade will be those who realize and control that to the most effective gain for lovers of all ages.

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