If you are studying the brain structure (Central Nervous System), you must be familiar with the cerebrum, cerebellum, diencephalon, and brain-stem. You might also be aware of the various parts that form the CNS system. However, in this blog, we will take a look at the tiny brain cell named Microglia, which is among the various types of cells found in the brain.
What is Microglia?
- Microglia is a type of glial cell and is the smallest of the neuroglia present in the brain.
- It is typically oval-shaped and is usually in a ramified state, which is activated by various triggers such as a brain injury.
- It is derived from the embryonic mesoderm, which is responsible for the production of blood cells and the immune system.
- It is also generated from the white blood cells in mature organisms
Now, let us take a look at the various functions of microglia.